نمونه سوالات Quality - PMP
ساعت ۱٢:٤٩ ‎ب.ظ روز دوشنبه ۱ دی ،۱۳٩۳ : توسط : ®Zahedi , PMP

1.   Gordon has recently taken over a project as the project manager. The project is already halfway through the execution. Reviewing the project management plan, Gordon found outs that the project's WBS is not aligned with the project management plan and the 100% rule was ignored. What does this mean?

A.  The WBS doesn't contain all of the project and product
work mentioned in the project management plan.

B. The project is not halfway through the execution.

C. The project management plan can never be 100% complete.

D. The project cannot be completed on time.

 

2.   What is a control chart?

A. A type of a RACI chart

B. A chart that shows the root cause of a problem

C. A type of a fishbone diagram

D. A chart that shows the stability of a process

 

3.   A project manager is unsure of the difference between precision and accuracy and asks for your help in understanding the difference between the two terms. Which of these responses would be the best response to such a question?

A. Precision is consistency that the value of a repeated set of measurements are clustered and have little scatter whereas accuracy is correctness that the measured value is very close to the true value.

B. Accuracy is consistency that the value of a repeated set of measurements are clustered and have little scatter whereas precision is correctness that the measured value is very close to the true value.

C.  Accuracy and Precision are equivalent and normally  specified in the SOW by the customer who issues the SOW.

D.  Accuracy is more important than precision. The project management team must decide the level of accuracy required.

 

4.   The technique of comparing actual or planned project practices to those of other projects to generate  ideas for improvement and to provide a basis by which to measure performance is known as:

A. Workbench

B. Benchmarking

C. Quality control

D. Dependency

 

5.   There is a serious defect in the finished product of a project that was completed a few months back and this results in a recall campaign to recall the defective products. What would be the best classification for these types of costs?

A. To complete performance index (TCP)

B. Cost variance

C. Cost of conformance

D. Cost of non-conformance

 

6.   You are the project manager of a project and have come up with a bar graph of problems and their frequencies. This kind of a chart is called a:

A. Deming chart

B. Pareto chart

C. Ishikawa diagram

D. Control chart

 

7.   What is the process of random selection and inspection of a work product?

A. Control Charting

B. Flow Charting

C. Statistical Sampling

D. Benchmarking

 

8.   Which of the following relates to Root Cause Analysis?

A. Process Analysis

B. Performance Measurements

C. Pareto Chart

D. Quality Control Measurements

 

9.   Which of the following tools is used during Trend Analysis?

A. Decision Tree Analysis

B. Scatter Diagram

C. Earned Value Analysis

D. Cause and Effect Diagram

 

10. An automotive designer uses a certain technique to determine which combination of suspension and tires will produce the most desirable ride characteristics at a reasonable cost. In order to do this, she works with a statistical framework and systematically changes all of the important parameters instead of changing the factors one at a time. This is known as:

A. Design of Experiments

B. Nominal Group Technique

C. Statistical Sampling

D. Force Field Analysis

 

 

 

 

Answers

 

1.   A - The WBS must contain all of the project and product work including the project management work. This is also called as 100% rule. [PMBOK 5th edition, Page 131] [Project Scope Management]

 

2.   D - A control chart shows the stability of a process over time. [PMBOK
5th edition, Page 238] [Project Quality Management]

3.   A - Precision is consistency that the value of a repeated set of measurements are clustered, and have little scatter, whereas accuracy is
correctness that the measured value is very close to the true value. Precise   measurements are not necessarily accurate. A very accurate measurement is not necessarily precise. The project management team must determine how much accuracy or precision or both are required. [PMBOK 5th  edition, Page 228] [Project Quality Management]

4.   B - Benchmarking is the technique of comparing actual or planned project practices to those of other projects to generate ideas for improvement
and to provide a basis by which to measure performance. [PMBOK 5th edition, Page 239] [Project Quality Management]

5.   D - The correct response is Cost of Non-Conformance. This includes all costs incurred due to internal and external failures. [PMBOK 5th edition, Page 235] [Project Quality Management]

6.   B - This is an example of a Pareto chart or Pareto diagram. [PMBOK
5th edition, Page 237] [Project Quality Management]

7.   C - Statistical sampling is the process of random selecting and inspection of a work product. [PMBOK 5th edition, Page 240] [Project Quality Management]

8.   A - The process analysis includes root cause analysis. [PMBOK 5th edition, Page 247] [Project Quality Management]

9.   C - Earned value analysis is used as a trend analysis technique for monitoring overall project performance. [PMBOK 5th edition, Page 352] [Project Risk Management]

10. A - The correct response is Design of Experiments and this plays
a key role in optimization of products or processes. [PMBOK 5th edition, Page 240] [Project Quality Management]

 

 

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